These laws were often enforced with violent methods involving torture and lynchings. Liberalism and Nationalism were popular ideas that challenged Absolute Monarchies in the 19th century. Fontenelle quickly followed with his Digression sur les anciens et les modernesin which he took the Modern side, pressing the argument that modern scholarship allowed modern man to surpass the ancients in knowledge.
Enlightenment gained momentum more or less simultaneously in many parts of Europe and America. The changes were accompanied by violent turmoil which included the trial and execution of the king, vast bloodshed and repression during the Reign of Terror, and warfare involving every other major European power.
The Maratha Empire was located in the south west of present-day India and expanded greatly under the rule of the Peshwasthe prime ministers of the Maratha empire.
Individuals started to question all manners of things and it was this questioning that led to the Scientific Revolution, which in turn formed the foundations of contemporary sciences and the establishment of several modern scientific fields. This area was settled by a population of free people practicing various trades and crafts.
All the significant monuments of the Mughals, their most visible legacy, date to this period which was characterised by the expansion of Persian cultural influence in the Indian subcontinent, with brilliant literary, artistic, and architectural results.
Brian Greenberg bio The Gilded Age: Colonial rule had a profound effect on Southeast Asia. Reason and Enlightenment[ edit ] Further information: Tsardom of Russia[ edit ] Main article: Citing the battles fought and lost by Eugene V. The period of this regime 2 November until 10 Novembercommonly known as the Directory or Directoire era, constitutes the second to last stage of the French Revolution.
The Age of Enlightenment is a time in Western philosophy and cultural life centered upon the 18th century in which reason was advocated as the primary source and legitimacy for authority.
Black Americans were not the only ones to suffer hardships during this period; many farmers lost their holdings as railroads and new machinery lowered their crop prices.
Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution was a period when European ideas in classical physicsastronomybiologyhuman anatomychemistryand other classical sciences were rejected and led to doctrines supplanting those that had prevailed from Ancient Greece to the Middle Ages which would lead to a transition to modern science.
The concentrated shift from homogenous, rural populations to diversified, urban ones created crowding and poverty, yet the industrial elites enjoyed a new wealth and urbane lifestyle that allowed for increased cultivation of the arts.
National and Legislative Assembly[ edit ] Main articles: Developing during the Enlightenment era, Renaissance humanism as an intellectual movement spread across Europe. Yet, in recounting the many "improvements" wrought by new inventions and the new business organization, Carlson minimizes the loss of skill and the danger in the industrial workplace and, even more, the classic battles that made the era a contested terrain.
The North, too, was not entirely committed to racial equality:Gilded Age A name for the late s, coined by Mark Twain to describe the tremendous increase in wealth caused by the industrial age and the ostentatious lifestyles it allowed the very rich.
The great industrial success of the U.S. and the fabulous lifestyles of the wealthy hid the many social problems of the time, including a high poverty.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
  This view stands in contrast to the "organic," or non-linear, view of history first put forward by the renowned philosopher and historian, Oswald Spengler, early in the 20th century.
. The belief that white, wealthy, Anglo-Saxon Americans were biologically superior to other groups fueled many social and political trends of the Gilded Age. Oct 21, · This is a good educational video on the main idea and concepts surrounding The Gilded Age.
An oldie, but goodie! Skip navigation The Emergence of Modern America- The Gilded Age Cori Greer-Banks. The Gilded Age: Perspectives on the Origin of Modern America (review) Brian Greenberg Technology and Culture, Volume 49, Number 1, Januarypp.
Gilded Age Video = This video tells of the Robber Barons, or Captains of Industry, of turn of the century America. Nice catchy way of doing it from Find this Pin and more on World History - Industrial Revolution by Pearson Social Studies.Download