How to write an analysis of an income statement

Unilever current ratio seems to be declining over the past 5 years. So, which one is the best when it comes to Financial Statement Analysis? Thus, ratios must be interpreted cautiously to avoid erroneous conclusions.

It also helps in cross sectional analysis comparing the balance sheet strength with other comparable companies Vertical Analysis of Balance Sheet: We note that Sales has increased by only This ratio is know as Quick Ratio or the Acid Test.

In addition, there can be uncertainty related to the true value of the inventory realized as some of it may become obsolete, prices may change or it may become damaged.

This may affect the liquidity position of Colgate. This vertical analysis effort in the income statement is often referred to as margin analysis, since it yields the different margins in relation to sales.

Inventories has decreased too from Non controlling interests has also increased over the period of 9 years and is now at 2. A single ratio is not sufficient to adequately judge the financial situation of the company. As with the vertical analysis methodology, issues will surface that need to be investigated and complemented with other financial analysis techniques.

On the liabilities side, there can be many observations we can highlight. Receivables has decreased from Vertical Analysis or Common Size Statements Vertical analysis is a technique used to identify where a company has applied its resources and in what proportions those resources are distributed among the various balance sheet and income statement accounts.

If current assets consists of large Inventories, then we should be mindful of the fact that inventories will take longer to convert into cash as they cannot be readily sold. It should always be included as part of any financial analysis. It provides meaningful relationship between individual values in the financial statements.

This implies that current assets of Colgate are more than current liabilities of Colgate. Cash ratio considers only the Cash and Cash Equivalents there are the most liquid assets within the Current Assets.

If current liabilities mature in the next one month, then current assets providing liquidity in days may not be of much use. It helps us to understand how each item of the balance sheet has moved over the years. They are further sub-divided into 10 ratios as seen in the diagram below. Debt has increased or decreased?

Colgate has maintained a healthy current ratio of greater than 1 in the past 10 years. Cash Ratio analysis is the ultimate liquidity test. If the company has a higher cash ratio, it is more likely to be able to pay its short term liabilities.

The rule of thumb for a healthy acid test index is 1.

Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)

In effect, this analysis indexes the accounts and compares the evolution of these over time. If this number is large, we can obviously assume that the company has enough cash in its bank to pay off its short term liabilities. Several ratios must be analyzed together and compared with prior-year ratios, or even with other companies in the same industry.

Why a built-up of cash?President Trump paid $38 million in federal taxes in on income of $ million and reported a $ million write-down in business losses, according to a copy of his tax return first revealed.

This is the most comprehensive guide to Ratio Analysis / Financial Statement Analysis. Learn to calculate ratios in Excel from Colgate SEC Filings (template included).

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How to write an analysis of an income statement
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