An introuction to the history and geography of afghanistan

Most of Afghanistan lies between 2, and 10, feet and 3, metres in elevation. No person had been allowed to serve for more than two terms. Weather is most volatile during winter and spring and most of the annual precipitation falls at this time.

The Salt Range is an extremely arid territory that marks the boundary between the submontane region and the Indus River plain to the south.

Of the total area of the country, about three-fifths consists of rough mountainous terrain and plateaus, and the remaining two-fifths constitutes a wide expanse of level plain.

Afghanistan

Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle EastAfghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders, and for millennia great armies have attempted to subdue it, leaving traces of their efforts in great monuments now fallen to ruin.

Annual precipitation is generally limited to between 10 and 15 inches and mmand most of the cultivated area in the Vale of Peshawar is irrigated from canals. Inflation remains a serious problem throughout the country. Afghanistan has been an Islamic state since when the various mujahedin groups succeeded in overthrowing the Soviet-backed President Rabbani.

Essay on Afghanistan

Rainfall in the country averages about seven inches a year. The sun shines with splendor for three-fourths of the year, and the nights are even more clear than the days.

The highest point of the Salt Range, Mount Sakesar, lies at 4, feet 1, metres. The valley sides are generally bare on account of their isolation from the precipitation-bearing influences.

Unlike the earlier migrations, which took centuries to unfold, these chaotic population transfers took hardly one year. Its area of aboutsquare milessquare km is a region of deep, narrow valleys and lofty mountains, some peaks of which rise above 21, feet 6, metres.

The Trans-Indus plains, west of the Indus River, comprise the hill-girt plateaus of the Vale of Peshawar and of Kohat and Bannuall of which are oases in the arid, scrub-covered landscape of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Geography of Afghanistan

The Hindu Kush is made up of two distinct ranges, a main crest line that is cut by transverse streams, and a watershed range to the west of the main range, in Afghanistan, that divides the Indus system of rivers from the Amu Darya ancient Oxus River drainage basin.

The average elevation is about 3, feet metres. In Hindu Kush, animals are typical of the nearby Himalayas. The forests thrive mainly in the mountains and include pine, cypress, oak, juniper, laurel, barberry, hazelnut, and wild almond.

Geography and climate

The most common trees found in the country include hazel, juniper, walnut, wild peach, almond, oak, olive trees, maple, mulberry, willow, ash and many others.

The Hindu Kush and the western mountains In far northern Pakistan the Hindu Kush branches off southwestward from the nodal orogenic uplift known as the Pamir Knot. Climate The distance from the sea gives Afghanistan a typical inland climate, arid and semiarid steppe with hot summers and cold winters.

Established as a parliamentary democracy that espoused secular ideas, the country has experienced repeated military coups, and religion—that is to say, adherence to the values of Sunni Islam—has increasingly become a standard by which political leaders are measured.

The hilly terrain becomes less severe southwestward in the form of Ras Koh Range.The geography of Afghanistan is arid and mountainous; the Hindu Kush Mountains run northeast to southwest and divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country.

The government system is an Islamic Republic; the chief of. Afghanistan is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.

The country is mountainous, with plains in the north and southwest. Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

The country is the 40th largest in the world in size. Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the Kabul Province.

Strategically located at the crossroads of major trade routes, Afghanistan has attracted a succession of invaders since the.

Afghanistan, more than many other states, has been the victim of its history and geography. In the three decades since the communist coup of April and the W. Maley – Afghanistan: an historical and geographical appraisal.

great powers was convenient. As a result, by the end of the nineteenth century, the Afghanistan: an. Geography and climate Afghanistan is made up of rugged mountainous terrain, with deep valleys and majestic mountains.

In a country with a relatively dry climate and limited rainfall, the mountains are also the most important source of water. Afghanistan, landlocked multiethnic country located in the heart of south-central Asia.

Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle East, Afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders, and for millennia great armies have attempted to subdue it, leaving traces of their efforts in .

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An introuction to the history and geography of afghanistan
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